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John Deere has a tractor to suit every operation with an extensive range from 55 up to 560 hp. Learn more about the features, specifications, attachments and special offers on models in the John Deere Tractor range at the John Deere official website HERE
Born in 1804 in Rutland, Vermont, USA – John Deere was a blacksmith who developed the first commercially successful, steel plow in 1837. From an old saw blade, he created a highly polished self-scouring steel plough which made it easier for farmers to cut clean furrows through the thick, sticky soil found in the prairies of the American Midwest. Legend has it that hundreds of people gathered at a farm near Grand Detour, for the successful debut of the invention. It wasn’t long before manufacturing plows became the main focus of John Deere’s business and in 1848 he had to move his operation to Moline in the state of Illinois (where the company’s worldwide headquarters is still located) to take advantage of the water power and transportation offered by the Missisippi River. The river proved instrumental in bringing raw materials such as steel and moving plows to market. The plow was developed further and patented in 1864. As production reached 1,000 a year, John Deere laid down the principles of doing business that are followed today, among them his insistence on high standards of quality. “I will never put my name on a product that does not have in it the best that is in me,” John Deere vowed, in his best remembered statement.
Deere & Co’s third president was William Butterworth, who was married to John Deere’s granddaughter. Largely through acquisitions, he established the company as a full-line manufacturer of farm equipment. Significantly, the Waterloo Gasoline Engine Company (Waterloo Boy tractors) was purchased in 1918, marking the start of John Deere tractor operations. The Model “D” was launched in 1923, the first two-cylinder tractor to bear the name John Deere – the ancestor to today’s tractor range. Despite the years of worldwide economic depression during the 1930s the company continued to invest in product development, guided by Charles Deere Winman a great-grandson of John Deere, and as a result the hugely successful Model “A” and “B” tractors were introduced to the market in 1934/35.
From 1955-1982, William A. Hewitt (Winman’s son-in-law, and great-great-grandson-in-law of the founder) took over direction of the company. He was the last family descendent to lead the company and during his tenure, the company took big steps towards becoming a multinational corporation with manufacturing facilities opened in Mexico and the takeover of the German tractor and harvester company Heinrich Lanz AG based in Mannheim. Since then the organisation has had a number of other important leaders who have developed the international operations and core businesses – extending its heritage of integrity, quality, commitment, and innovation across the globe. Today the company is a world leader in farm equipment, employing more than 60,000 people with manufacturing and marketing facilities in more than 30 countries. It has become an iconic brand, with their instantly recognisable green and yellow coloured tractors and the leaping deer trademark – a symbol of their quality products. Through it all, John Deere has never forgotten its founder’s core values and is still dedicated to those who are linked to the land.
Back in 1837, John Deere, a blacksmith and inventor, had little more than his blacksmith shop, a piece of discarded steel, and an idea that would help farmers – with that he changed the face of agriculture forever. Innovation is at the core of what the company he founded has stood for in its entire 175 year plus history and a commitment to research and development means the company continually invests in new products and current product development. John Deere invests approximately four per cent of its total equipment sales revenue into R&D, which equates to more than 5 million dollars every day, and there is a product engineering department in most factories responsible for quality testing and development of that factory’s products. In addition, John Deere has purpose built facilities for specific projects such as the Moline Technology Innovation Center, near the worldwide headquarters in Illinois and also the European Technology and Innovation Centre (ETIC) in the town of Kaiserslautern, Germany. Both the Moline and Kaiserlautern centres have strategic partnerships with local universities and institutions to fully exploit a number of highly qualified resources and technical personnel.
The ETIC is ideally located to handle development activities with close proximity to John Deere’s three major German facilities; Mannheim the tractor factory and regional sales support center, Zweibrücken where combines and self-propelled foragers are made, and Bruchsal which manufactures high-tech cabs for tractors and harvesting machinery and is home to the European Parts Distribution Center. The facility officially opened in 2010, is the primary resource for intelligent solutions and the integration of electronics into equipment. In co-ordination with Deere’s global research teams and partners across the world, this centre develops advanced technologies for precision farmibg such as Agricultural Management Systems (AMS). Development of state-of-the art technology enabled by a facility like the ETIC supports John Deere’s FARMSIGHT strategy; to bring new insights and solutions to customers across the world which allow them to enhance the productivity of their farming operation.
It’s on the production line where all of the investment in expertise and research and development comes together. John Deere has established world class manufacturing and development facilities, strategically located to be better able to meet worldwide demand and consistently provide advanced equipment for agriculture and other industries. The Mannheim factory in Germany produces 6 Series tractors from 90hp through to 255hp, in different versions and with numerous options, covering the largest segments of the UK and European markets – made up of mostly livestock and arable farmers and contractors. Like all other plants, Werk Mannheim operates to a complex process of quality controlled manufacturing practices and just-in-time component delivery to assemble tractors to exacting customer specifications. All John Deere small to mid sized tractors can be paired with a perfectly matched John Deere front loader, manufactured at the Arc-les-Gray factory in France.
Larger tractors including the 7, 8 and 9 Series with power upwards to 560hp, are produced at John Deere’s Waterloo facility in Illinois, the heart of America’s Midwest grain belt. This factory has the capability to design and build some of the largest agricultural tractors in the world including the 9RT/9RX tracked models, right from the foundry casting of the frames through to the finished product. From the biggest to the smallest, one of John Deere’s other major North American factories in Augusta, Georgia is responsible for producing the 1, 2, 3, and 4 family COMPACT TRACTORS. These models are distributed worldwide and are popular with homeowners, small scale farmers, landscape contractors and commercial users. The 5 Series utility tractors are also built at Augusta which are frequently used by farmers, construction companies and golf courses – plus there are speciality models for use by vineyards and fruit growers. The 5 Series sister range, the 5E models, manufactured in a modern tractor factory in Sanaswadi, India are a more basic but still very capable tractor; designed primarily for use on small farms and in municipal applications where versatility is required without complexity.
John Deere has experienced significant milestones throughout its journey to becoming the world’s leading producer of agricultural equipment, and these milestones are mirrored in the history of their tractors. At the heart of their success is a deep understanding of customers’ needs which has shaped their product development, ensuring each new generation of tractor is always better than its predecessor; with superior features offering improved performance, greater reliability and lower operating costs. A significant feature that displays this commitment to be the best is John Deere’s renowned Full Frame concept. Introduced by Deere with the original 6000 Series in 90s, this was a completely new design concept for the industry and represented a giant step forward in tractor design leaving the competition in their wake. With this design, the loading stress of the tractor is taken on the frame with engine, transmission, cooling packages and other major components mounted in a modular way so they are isolated from vibration and stresses. This allows higher payloads without adding additional weight to the tractor and improves the long-term durability of components whilst allowing easy access for servicing, repair or removal.
Modern John Deere tractors are still based on the same Full Frame design concept but also benefit from other class-leading and award winning features that have set the benchmark for tractor performance and functionality through the years. These include: the unique front axle Triple-Link Suspension system (TLS), ergonomic and comfortable TechCenter cabs, an extensive range of efficient and reliable transmission options from the effective PowerReverser to the ultimately infinite AutoPowr, and also John Deere’s advanced integrated technology such as AutoTrac and iTEC which help to assist or fully automate tractor operation. The fundamental factor that sets John Deere apart, is that they are the only tractor manufacturer to design, test and manufacture all key components that make up these features – engines, transmissions, axles, cabs and electronic control systems are all produced in-house to ensure the highest quality standards so every component works together efficiently and reliably.
At heart of a John Deere tractor is a John Deere engine, which are built to deliver reliable performance in the most demanding environments. John Deere entered the engine business in 1918 when it purchased the Waterloo Gasoline Engine Company, and in 1949 Deere produced its first diesel engine. Since then, John Deere has become the world’s second-leading producer of diesel engines for off-highway applications. Now produced by John Deere Power Systems based in Saran, France, rugged engines and drivetrain components are supplied for use in small, mid-frame and large scale tractors, along with other John Deere machinery and even marine and heavy equipment from other manufactures. PowerTech engines range from 40 to 600hp and have some of the most sophisticated technology in the industry built-in to comply with, but not be compromised by, the the latest emissions regulations. Engines come in many different configurations and are tailored to suit the tractor with electronic management systems that control crucial operating functions. These systems and can be logged into on the tractor for diagnostics and to make adjustments with software updates. Many details can be refined, including further improvements to fuel efficiency as well as optimisation of key performance characteristics such as response time, power and torque.